What is Scoliosis
Scoliosis is a three-dimensional lateral curvature of the spine. In most cases a rotation of the spinal column occurs, in which the individual vertebrae bones twist around the long axis of the spine, thereby pulling the ribcage out of position. This condition causes the appearance of a hump, which can affect the patient’s outward appearance.

Origin and cause
Scoliosis generally affects 3 – 4% of the population; 10% of cases require supervision by a medical specialist. More than 80% of cases are diagnosed as having idiopathic scoliosis, which means that the cause is unknown. Scoliosis is not reversible, but it can be controlled. Early detection and treatment can have a positive effect on long-term results.

Four main types
Four main types of scoliosis can be defined: idiopathic, congenital, neuromuscular and degenerative. Scoliosis affects infants, adolescents, and adults. Treatment mainly focuses on monitoring possible progression, physiotherapy, bracing and/or surgical treatment.